In the emergency room, a urine sample was collected for urinalysis and blood was drawn for a stat Chemistry Screen, and CBC. Respiratory therapy drew additional blood from an artery for arterial blood gases.
Blood pressure was 145/70 mmHg, heart rate was 120beats per minute, respiration rate was 36 per minute, and the oral temperature was 98.4 F. Chest sounds were clear and the abdomen was soft with no organomegaly.
- 1. What can be checked for on a urine dipstick test?
- 2. What abnormalities in the urine may be detected on a microscopic exam?
- 3. What 2 methods are used when performing a urinalysis?
- 4. What is a chemistry panel?
5. What information is obtained from a basic metabolic panel?
6. What additional information is gained from a comprehensive metabolic panel?
7. What values are tested in an electrolyte panel? According to the electrolyte panel link, what is the importance of each of these electrolytes in the body?
- 8. Look at the information in the link for a basic metabolic panel. Which of these tests would be important in diagnosing diabetes?
- 9. What waste products are measured in a renal panel?
- 10. Which health professional would perform urinalysis and chemical tests on the blood?
- 11. What do arterial blood gasses (ABG's) test for?
- 12. Why would a physician order an ABG?
- 13. What type of blood sample is used for ABG's? Why?
14. Which health professional would perform arterial blood gas measurements?
- 15. What do the systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings reflect?
- 16. Untreated high blood pressure may lead to what disease states? (See "Signs, Symptoms, and Complications under the blood pressure link).
The arterial blood gas results were the first to come back.