Todd Hillhouse, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology


Dr. Todd M. Hillhouse graduated from Northern Michigan University with a B.S. in Psychology (2009), and remained at NMU to complete a Masters of Science in Experimental Psychology (2011). Dr. Hillhouse received a Ph.D. in Biopsychology from Virginia Commonwealth University (2014). After earning his Ph.D., he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Department of Pharmacology at University of Michigan Medical School. Dr. Hillhouse is a behavioral neuroscientist with research interests include developing pharmacological treatments for mood disorders,  substance abuse, and pain. Additionally, Dr. Hillhouse has developed a research program at Weber State University to evaluate the health risks associated with electronic-cigarettes (e-cigs) and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs), which include e-cigs, mods, and vapes.


E-cigs/VAPE Research Studies


Tobacco smoking is a major health concern in the United States because of the detrimental side effects after long term use (e.g. cancer). Over the past decade (2005-2015), there has been a 5% decrease in the number of Americans that smoke traditional cigarettes; however, there has been a significant increase in the number of Americans using alternative smoking devices, which include electronic-cigarettes (E-Cigs) and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs). In 2014, approximately 10% of the United State population reported using E-cigs or ENDs. E-cigs and ENDs are currently marketed as a safer option than traditional cigarettes. However, scientific data is still being generated to determine the overall safety of these devices.

Click the following link for more information on the research projects Research

Research Project #1 - Perceptions of E-cigs

Approximately, 50% of college age students have reported using any illicit drug during the same period. Several systematic reviews have suggested that ENDS serve as a “gateway” to other tobacco use, and thus, it is possible that ENDS can serve as a “gateway” to illicit drug use. The aim of this study was 1) evaluate the perceptions of ENDS across various demographics and 2) compare nicotine poly-drug use trends among ENDS and traditional cigarette users.

We are currently recruiting participants that have switched from traditional cigarettes to E-cigs/ENDs/Vapes. If you fit this population, please click the survey link below. You will receive monetary compensation for completeing this survey.

Research Project #2 - Health Risks associated with E-cigs/ENDs/Vapes

E-cigs and ENDs manufacturers claim that these devices are a “safer” option compared to traditional cigarettes and can be used as a smoking cessation device for current cigarette smokers. However, the scientific community has published conflicting results regarding E-cig safety. The aim of this research is to compare a variety of health risks associate with E-cigs/ENDs and traditional cigarettes. 

We are currently reruiting participants from the following groups: nonsmokers, cigarette smokers, Vape (any e-cig device) users that use 0 nicotine, and vape (any e-cig device) that use any nicotine concentration. You will receive monetary compensation for completeing this survey. If you are interested in participating in this study please contact