Laws Related to Civil Rights & The External Agencies That Enforce Them

Utah Antidiscrimination Act: UCA 34A-5-101 et al.

This law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, pregnancy/childbirth, disability or national origin in all areas of employment, from advertisement for new employees through termination or retirement.

For more information, contact the Utah Antidiscrimination & Labor Division

(801) 530-6801 or 1-800-222-1238 (voice)

(801) 530-7685 (TDD)

discrimination@utah.gov  (email), or

visit: https://laborcommission.utah.gov/divisions/AntidiscriminationAndLabor/employmentforms.html

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act Of 1964

This law makes it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color, or national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance.

For more information, contact the Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division at

202-514-2151 (voice),

202-514-0716 (TTY), or

visit https://www.justice.gov/crt .

Or

U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights

(303) 844-5695 (voice),

(800) 877-8339 (TTY), or

OCR.Denver@ed.gov (email)

visit https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

This law prohibits harassment and unequal treatment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in all areas of employment, from advertisement for new employees through termination or retirement.

For more information, contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission,

1-800-669-4000 (voice),

1-800-669-6820 (TTY), or

Visit https://www.eeoc.gov/field/phoenix/

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

This law prohibits discrimination against applicants and employees on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth or related conditions.

For more information, contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission,

1-800-669-4000 (voice),

1-800-669-6820 (TTY), or

Visit https://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/pregnancy.cfm

Title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act

This law prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment.

For more information, contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission,

1-800-669-4000 (voice),

1-800-669-6820 (TTY), or

Visit https://www.eeoc.gov/field/phoenix/

Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act

This law makes it illegal to discriminate against people with disabilities in all programs, activities, and services offered by state and local government agencies. This includes public transportation services and physical access to state and local government buildings.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division,

800-514-0301 (voice),

800-514-0383 (TTY), or

visit https://www.ada.gov/ada_title_II.htm

Title III Of The Americans With Disabilities Act

This law prohibits disability discrimination by private entities that provide services to the public also known as "public accommodations". Public accommodations include, for example, restaurants, hotels, movie theaters, stores, doctors' offices, parks, and schools. The law applies to buildings, programs, and services. Under the law, public accommodations may have to provide "auxiliary aids and services" such as sign language interpreters, assistive listening devices, or large print materials, unless doing so would cause significant difficulty or expense.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division,

800-514-0301 (voice),

800-514-0383 (TTY), or

visit https://www.ada.gov/ada_title_III.htm .

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Part of the Fair Labor Standards Act, this act prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in compensation (including most fringe benefits) for substantially equal work in the same establishment. Wage differentials resulting from seniority, merit, or wage systems that base earning on quality or quantity of production and not the sex of the employee do not violate the act.

Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments

This law prohibits sex discrimination in educational programs that receive federal funds. This includes sexual violence and other forms sexual harassment and misconduct.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights,

U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights

(303) 844-5695 (voice),

(800) 877-8339 (TTY), or

OCR.Denver@ed.gov (email)

visit https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html

Age Discrimination Act of 1975

This law prohibits discrimination based on age in programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights,

U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights

(303) 844-5695 (voice),

(800) 877-8339 (TTY), or

OCR.Denver@ed.gov (email)

visit https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html

The Family And Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

This law requires certain employers to grant up to 12 weeks of leave during a 12 month period to eligible employees who need time off because of a "serious health condition" that they or someone in their family is experiencing. FMLA leave can sometimes overlap with Title VII requirements concerning leave for pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions and ADA and Rehabilitation Act requirements concerning leave as an accommodation for an employee with a disability.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration, Wage and Hour Division,

1-866-487-9243 (voice and TTY) or

visit https://www.dol.gov/whd/fmla.

Section 503 Of The Rehabilitation Act

This law prohibits certain federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating against qualified employees and job applicants with disabilities. Section 503 also requires contractors to take affirmative steps to hire and promote qualified people with disabilities. The non-discrimination provisions of Section 503 mirror those found in the ADA and Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs,

1-866-487-2365 (voice),

1-877-889-5627 (TTY), or

visit https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/section503.htm.

Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act

This law prohibits disability discrimination in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. This includes discrimination against qualified applicants and employees with disabilities, as well as discrimination in the services and activities provided by federal agencies to the public. The non-discrimination provisions of Section 504 are similar to those found in Title I of the ADA, covering employment discrimination, and Title II of the ADA, covering the programs, activities, and services offered by state and local governments.

For more information, contact the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division,

800-514-0301 (voice),

800-514-0383 (TTY), or

visit https://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/sec504.htm

Section 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of 1866

This law protects the equal right of all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States to make and enforce contracts without respect to race.  This includes all contractual aspects of the employment relationship, such as hiring, discharge, and the terms and conditions of employment.  The Supreme Court has held that the statute also prohibits retaliation against persons who complain about race discrimination prohibited by the statute.  This law is enforced by individuals, not a federal agency.

Civil Rights Act of 1866 & Civil Rights Act of 1871 - CRA - 42 U.S. Code 21 §§1981, 1981A, 1983, & 1988

Executive Order 11246

This law makes it illegal for federal contractors and certain subcontractors to discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It also requires federal contractors and subcontractors to take steps to ensure equal employment opportunity in the workplace.

For more information, contact the Department of Labor's Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) at

1-866-487-2365 (voice),

1-877-889-5627 (TTY), or

visit https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/ca_11246.htm

Title I of Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

This title of GINA addresses the use of genetic information in health insurance. The provisions are enforced primarily by the Department of Labor's Employee Benefits Security Administration, with the Department of Health & Human Services' Office for Civil Rights enforcing Section 105 of Title I of GINA which relates to GINA's protections for genetic information in the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act privacy rule.

For more information, contact the Department of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration at

1-866-444-EBSA (3272)

1-877-889-5627 TTY

http://www.dol.gov/ebsa/consumer_info­ ­health.html

Department of Health & Human Services, Office for Civil Rights at

1-877-696-6775

https://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/special/genetic/index.html