Writing Student Learning Outcomes

Key Word List for Use in Writing Student Learning Outcomes

 

Position in Bloom's (1956) Taxonomy

Lowest

 

Highest

Knowledge

Arrange, define, describe, duplicate, enumerate, identify, indicate, know, label, list, match, memorize, name, reads, recall, recognize, record, relate, repeat, reproduce, select, state, view, underline

Comprehension

Classify, cite, convert, defend, describe, discuss, distinguish, estimate, explain, express, generalize, give, examples, identify, indicate, infer, locate, paraphrase, predict, recognize, report, restate, review, rewrite, select, suggest, summarize, tell, trace, translate, understand 

Application
Act, administer, apply, articulate, assess, change, chart, choose, collect, compute, construct, contribute, control, demonstrate, determine, develop, discover, dramatize, employ, establish, extend, give examples, illustrate, implement, include, inform, instruct, interpret, investigate, prepare, preserve, produce, project, provide, relate, report, schedule, ship, show, sketch, solve, teach, transfer, translate, use, utilize, write
Analysis
Analyze, appraise, breaks down, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast, correlate, criticize, debate, determine, diagram, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, focus, identify, illustrate, infer, inspect, inventory, limit, outline, point out, prioritize, question, recognize, relate, select, separate, subdivide, solve, test
Synthesis
Adapt, anticipate, arrange, assemble, categorize, collaborate, collect, combine, communicate, compile, compose, construct, create, design, devise, develop, explain, express, facilitate, formulate, generate, incorporate, individualize, initiate, integrate, intervene, manage, model, modify, negotiate, organize, perform, plan, prepare, produce, propose, rearrange, reconstruct, reinforce, relate, reorganize, revise, set up, structure, substitute, validate, write
Evaluation
Appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose, compare, conclude, contrast, criticize, critique, decide, defend, enumerate, estimate, evaluate, grade, interpret, judge, justify, measure, predict, rate, reframe, revise, score, select, support, value
 

Modified from: "Developing and Reviewing Program Assessment Plans and Results" Robert L. Armacost and Julia Pet-Armacost, University of Central Florida

Also see Krumme G, http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/guides/bloom.html